By Arnold P. Goldstein (Eds.)
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Additional resources for A New Morality from Science. Beyondism
A s pointed out above although the sinister, significant rise in criminal, anti-social action throughout most "civilized" countries over the last twenty years; or the increasing alienation and identity crises of youth; or the emotionality cult against logical analysis (Hofstadter, 1963); or the rising suicide and drug addiction, have associations with (a) economic causes, notably an increasing real standard of living (leisure and lack of hunger promote experiment), yet the most highly correlated association is (b) the appearance of "moral relativism" or the decay of agreed ethical authority.
The actual supremacy of biological goals is patent in the individual's use of rationalization and doubtful reasoning in trying to save his own life and interests. But it needs to be recognized in a broader, more dignified and ethical sense, namely, in appreciating the proper role of reason in defining general human goals. Alas, in a more specific sense and through what psychoanalysis has recognized as the defense mechanisms, including rationalization, reason is not even a servant of inborn needs, but an abject slave, ready to live if necessary by dishonesty.
The matter can perhaps be illustrated on a relatively trivial and therefore hopefully more detached level by what happened recently when a group of British and American social scientists got together on an economic issue. , they both alike (a) began by failing to make any statement on, and therefore to draw any clear line between their scientific and their moral value premises; (b) assumed such Christian values as that town planning would not include a brothel, and (c) assumed predominantly democratic rather than, say, Communist or Fascist ethical and political values, though without being able to define what they understood by these.