By John Middleton
Supplying a complete examine the continent of Africa and the international locations that contain it, this publication describes its peoples and cultures, tune and paintings, alternate and economic system, vacations and fairs, tribal teams, ecology, faith, fossil and skeleton discoveries, the land and its historical past, paintings and structure and way of life. It examines Africa from prehistoric instances to the current day.
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Extra resources for Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Sadat - Zulu & Index
Hand, slavery involved not only economic but also social and political factors. People acquired slaves for reasons other than economic usefulness. Ownership of a large number of slaves, for example, was a sign of power and importance. African slavery was also closely related to issues of KINSHIP, the network of extended family relationships that form the primary social unit in most African cultures. Forcibly torn from their kinship groups or their lines of ancestry, slaves and pawns were stripped of their social identities.
In larger, more complex societies, it occurred on a larger scale. Such societies had many roles that slaves could fill. Some served as bureaucrats*, soldiers, commercial agents, or wives and mothers of rulers; others labored in mines, plantations, or agricultural slave villages. africa_vol4 1/14/03 12:29 PM Page 37 Slavery By the 1700s slaves and servile pawns were concentrated in Africa’s most centrally organized states and most economically developed areas. Political and commercial groups—rulers, nobles, and merchants—had acquired the majority of slaves.
D. 600s Arabs conquer North Africa and begin slave trade along the Mediterranean coast. 1000s Saharan peoples carry captives from sub-Saharan regions across the desert to North Africa. 1500s Portuguese export slaves from central Africa. late 1600s European nations begin trading slaves along the west and east coasts of Africa. 1700s African kingdoms participate in trade, selling the slaves captured from rival states. ▲ 1800 ▲ 1700 ▲ 1600 ▲ 0 ▲ 500 ▲ 1000 ▲ Slave Trade 1807 Great Britain and the United States abolish slavery.