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Additional info for An International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facility Exploring a Russian Site as a Prototype
Pek. The study provides a high-level view of the entire fuel cycle in both countries and recommends near-term and long-term actions. NOTES 1. National Research Council. End Points for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in Russia and the United States. : The National Academies Press, 2003. 2. National Research Council. Rethinking High-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal: A Position Statement of the Board on Radioactive Waste Management. : National Academy Press, 1990. 3. National Research Council.
What then is hindering the development of the nuclear power industry, its full renaissance? I will try to provide one answer to this question later in this paper. Russia has created its Strategy for the Development of Nuclear Power in the First Half of the Twenty-First Century, the basic elements of which include the doubling of energy output and the formation of a closed nuclear fuel cycle. As a result, we must ensure fuller utilization of natural fissionable materials as well as those created during reactor operations, minimize the volume of radioactive wastes, and promote nuclear and radiation nonproliferation.
The total savings for disposal from separation of uranium and transmutation is estimated at about $53 billion. In addition to the significant cost savings for the first repository and the elimination of the need for a second repository, uranium separation and transmutation could serve the worthwhile goal of reducing the time required for the radiotoxicity of the waste in the repository to settle to the level of natural uranium, and this reduction would be from about 300,000 years to several hundred years, as shown in Figure 4.