By G. A. Webb
This e-book is a part of a sequence on spectroscopy, and covers NMR reports of remoted spin-pairs within the stable kingdom, the oxidation country dependence of transition steel shieldings, the Cinderella nuclei, nuclear spin leisure in natural platforms, options of macromolecules and aggregates and the NMR of coals and coal items. comparable titlesare volumes 20, 21 and 22 within the sequence. summary: This ebook is a part of a sequence on spectroscopy, and covers NMR experiences of remoted spin-pairs within the good kingdom, the oxidation nation dependence of transition steel shieldings, the Cinderella nuclei, nuclear spin leisure in natural structures, ideas of macromolecules and aggregates and the NMR of coals and coal items. comparable titlesare volumes 20, 21 and 22 within the sequence
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Extra info for Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy, Vol. 23
55These authors detailed the theory and analysis of spectra arising from AX, AB and A, spin systems, as well as heteronuclear spin pairs, in systems where the rare spins have been isotopically enriched. In order to reduce intermolecular dipolar interactions and ensure that they were studying an "isolated spin pair", Zilm and Grant carried out their measurements on samples in an argon matrix at 20K. Dipolar couplings to protons were eliminated by high-power proton decoupling. A full treatment of the powder line shape, and the variables involved for each type of spin system, was provided, as well as a consideration of the effects of motional averaging, important to their matrix isolation studies.
H-'H spin pairs Many of the early dipolar NMR experiments discussed in the introduction were performed on 'H-'H spin pairs in static fields which were small enough that perturbations due to H , could be ignored. Much of the recent work has been performed at higher magnetic fields using more sophisticated techniques available with modern instrumentation or sample preparation. P. E. WASYLISHEN 20 i /--: Fig. 9. 17ps. 4 MHz. (Reproduced with permission from Stoll et ~ 1 . ~ ' ) NMR STUDIES OF ISOLATED SPIN PAIRS IN THE SOLID STATE 21 Kohl et used matrix isolation to dilute the 'H-'H spin pairs in ii study of HCI and (HCI),.
The pattern of splittings was observed to depend on the sign of the 'H quadrupolar coupling constant, x(,H), relative to the sign of the dipolar coupling, which was known. In malonic acid, the 'H-'H vector of the methylene-d, group was oriented at an angle of 6" with respect to the normal to the C-C-C backbone. In a similar the application of a pulse sequence analogous to COSY provided the sign of x('H) with respect to the dipolar coupling. 7". The exact form of the resulting spectra depended on the relative signs of the dipolar and the two quadrupolar interactions.