By Alex D. Rogers, Nadine M. Johnston, Eugene J. Murphy, Andrew Clarke
Antarctic Ecosystems An severe setting in a altering international. 1st version
Since its discovery Antarctica has held a deep fascination for biologists. severe environmental stipulations, seasonality and isolation have result in probably the most impressive examples of common choice and model in the world. sarcastically, a few of these variations may well pose constraints at the skill of the Antarctic biota to reply to weather change.
Parts of Antarctica are displaying many of the biggest adjustments in temperature and different environmental stipulations on this planet. during this quantity, released in organization with the
Royal Society, best polar scientists current a synthesis of the newest examine at the organic platforms in Antarctica, overlaying organisms from microbes to vertebrate better predators.
This ebook comes at a time whilst new applied sciences and techniques let the consequences of weather swap and different direct human affects on Antarctica to be seen at a number of scales throughout whole areas, entire ecosystems and all the way down to the extent of species and edition inside of their genomes.
Chapters deal with either Antarctic terrestrial and marine ecosystems, and the medical and administration demanding situations of the longer term are explored.
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Extra resources for Antarctic Ecosystems An Extreme Environment in a Changing World
Johnston1, Eugene J. Murphy1 and Alex D. Rogers2 1 2 British Antarctic Survey, NERC, Cambridge, UK Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford 1 INTRODUCTION Antarctica offers an unrivalled natural laboratory for fundamental research on the evolutionary processes that shape biological diversity on both local and regional scales. Physiologists and ecologists have long been attracted to environments that lie at the limits of the physical conditions capable of supporting life. This is because the polar regions, the deep-sea, hot springs or hydrothermal vents demand striking adaptations at the molecular, cellular or whole-organism level to allow organisms living there to survive, grow and reproduce.
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Iagovkina, S. 2005 Antarctic climate change during the last 50 years. Int. J. Climatol. 25, 279–294. 1130. G. 2006 Recent trends in melting conditions on the Antarctic Peninsula and their implications for icesheet mass balance and sea level. Arctic Alpine Res. 9 38, 147–152. CO;2. G. M. 1996 Recent atmospheric warming and retreat of ice shelves on theAntarctic Peninsula. Nature 379, 328–331. 1038/379328a0. , Marshall, G. J. & Turner, J. 2003 Recent rapid regional climate warming on the Antarctic Peninsula.