Anti-Theory in Ethics and Moral Conservatism by Stanley G. Clarke, Evan Simpson

By Stanley G. Clarke, Evan Simpson

This quantity records a stream from idea and principles in ethics to an account of morality in line with neighborhood perform and notion of the actual case. The creation lays the root for this place, then the authors draw from the analytic culture as they forcefully argue opposed to idea derived from diversified philosophical ancestors. within the moment part they study ethical conservatism, displaying how putting ethical perform as basic doesn't limit one to any kind of political conservatism.

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T H E F I R S T F U N D A M E N TA L T H E O R E M O F W E L F A R E ECONOMICS At the core of the economic rationalist case for the free market is a theorem of economics. ) The First Fundamental Theorem of Welfare Economics says: Under certain special conditions, specifically conditions of an ideal market, the economic efficiency of a society is maximised. From now on, we will refer to the First Fundamental Theorem of Welfare Economics simply as the First Theorem. 2 So, the First Theorem is something that has been mathematically proved.

We look at what famous economists, leading businessmen and prominent ethicists, political theorists and philosophers have had to say about these questions. E C O N O M I C R AT I O N A L I S M A N D R E L AT E D ‘ I S M S ’ Whilst the term ‘economic rationalism’ is a peculiarly Australian term, closely related systems have sometimes been advocated, and implemented, in other countries. In America, much the same system is sometimes 18 • THE ECONOMIC CASE called ‘neo-liberalism’. An economic rationalist and a neo-liberal will very often agree on what governments ought to do; in particular, they will agree that governments ought to reduce their own activities and leave as much as possible up to the free market.

This ‘best way’ of using the village’s resources and skills would maximise the welfare of the possessors of the goods and services, and, by the ‘invisible hand’, it would maximise the welfare of their customers too. What the First Theorem basically says is that if it is an ‘ideal market’ the village will indeed arrive at this best way of using its resources and skills, and so maximise its own welfare. So, let us now examine this notion of an ideal market. E C O N O M I C R AT I O N A L I S M , E F F I C I E N C Y A N D T H E F R E E M A R K E T • 41 THE IDEAL MARKET Ideal markets maximise welfare by ensuring that each producer makes the best products possible, as cheaply as they can.

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