By Mihai Nadin
This quantity provides the paintings of prime scientists from Russia, Georgia, Estonia, Lithuania, Israel and america, revealing significant insights lengthy unknown to the medical group. with none doubt their paintings will offer a springboard for extra learn in anticipation. until eventually lately, Robert Rosen (Anticipatory Systems) and Mihai Nadin (MIND – Anticipation and Chaos) have been deemed forerunners during this nonetheless new wisdom domain.
The wonderful neurobiologist, Steven Rose, pointed to the truth that Soviet neuropsychological theories haven't almost always been good bought by means of Western science. those past insights as awarded during this quantity make a big contribution to the root of the technology of anticipation. it really is proven that the bold hypotheses and wealthy experimental facts produced by way of Bernstein, Beritashvili, Ukhtomsky, Anokhin and Uznadze, between others—extend foundational paintings to features of neuroscience, body structure, motorics, education.
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Extra resources for Anticipation: Learning from the Past: The Russian/Soviet Contributions to the Science of Anticipation
254]. Further, Ukhtomsky states: Here we have a much more principled question of the whole-part relation, after all! Sensation is considered as a part of perception as a whole. So we can say that perception is composed of sensations and represents a secondary product of primary sensations (psychological atoms), or that perception is the primary integral, and sensations only exist as derivative abstract elements, artiﬁcial analytical functions of thought! [3, p. 265]. ” The entire sphere of visual perception based on a priori models belongs here.
Y. B. Zuev The more active the work is, the more intense the energetic exchange. That is an open system, a non-equilibrium process. As Ukhtomsky writes: In case of a regular relation to the environment, the organism is bound to it in the most intimate way: the more it works, the more energy it extracts from the environment, the more energy it captures and incorporates into its own processes. It is clear that it is namely the strongest agent with most powerful workings of the central nervous system who is able, throughout life, to bind and process maximal amounts of energy from the environment and to incorporate them into his own work, so as to produce by his activity powerful and long-term after-effects, which give reason to remember this individual, even when he is already long gone [8, p.
B. Zuev a < 1 the system is easily disturbed by external influences in terms of changing its amplitude, yet its “own rhythm” is steadily maintained. For a > 1 its frequency changes easily, but the amplitude is steadily maintained. The principle of superposition is applicable for a < 1, but not at all applicable for a > 1. In nonlinear systems a low amplitude rhythm can be imposed by a strong unit, and the key to domination is created through a tactically selected and persistently maintained rhythmic influence of a “weak” component on a “strong” one [20, p.