Assessing Student Learning in Africa (Directions in by Thomas Kellaghan, Vincent Greaney

By Thomas Kellaghan, Vincent Greaney

Schooling for All, supported by way of the overseas neighborhood, emphasizes the significance of studying caliber. This ebook makes a speciality of using evaluate to watch and overview studying in Sub-Saharan African international locations. It offers with 4 significant points of academic evaluate: public (external) examinations, nationwide tests of academic success degrees, overseas tests, and school room evaluate practices. insurance of public examinations features a evaluation in their caliber, their strength for leveraging reform, and their confident and unfavourable affects at the nature of training and studying. Assessing pupil studying in Africa summarizes the variety of nationwide evaluation actions conducted within the sector. those tests have been designed to supply proof at the results of education, specifically when it comes to pupil achievements. The fairly few foreign tests which were conducted in Africa have mentioned really low degrees of pupil success. professionals and cons of engaging in overseas tests are mentioned. Classroom-based evaluation is an imperative element of the educating studying method. The facts provided means that present instructor evaluation practices are poor in particular parts. through the publication, the authors supply concrete feedback of ways to enhance review practices to assist improve the standard of scholar fulfillment.

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The teaching in preparation for the examinations, however, was found to be basically the same. In both situations, teachers were concerned mainly with the acquisition of factual knowledge, and this was reflected in their use of low-level cognitive questions in class and in tests. Given that the O-level teachers used the same approach used by teachers at the junior secondary level, it is unsurprising that more than one-third of their students failed science (physics and chemistry) in the 2001 O-level examination (Kellaghan 2002).

Comparisons between regions or districts Many countries are interested in comparing the performance of students in regions or districts. The assessment samples used typically are too small to allow meaningful comparisons, however. Administer the whole test to all students, or subsets of the test to individual students In several national and international assessments, students respond to only a fraction of the total number of items used. This diminishes the assessment burden on individual students, permits increased coverage of the curriculum, and enables the use of extended texts in reading comprehension.

A key feature of the newsletter that was produced following the Kenyan examination reforms, for example, was its provision of “guidance information” that identified topics and skills which were causing particular difficulties for students and that provided advice to teachers on how to deal with these problems (Somerset 1987, 1988). According to Somerset, the competitive aspect of the reforms was not enough; there was also a need to provide support and guidance so that teachers could reorient their efforts.

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