By Ann E. Killebrew
Historical Israel didn't emerge inside a vacuum yet really got here to exist along a variety of peoples, together with Canaanites, Egyptians, and Philistines. certainly, Israel's very proximity to those teams has made it tricky - formerly - to tell apart the archaeological lines of early Israel and different modern teams. via an research of the implications from contemporary excavations in mild of suitable historic and later biblical texts, this publication proposes that it really is attainable to spot those peoples and hint culturally or ethnically outlined limitations within the archaeological checklist. good points of past due second-millennium B.C.E. tradition are severely tested of their historic and biblical contexts in an effort to outline the advanced social obstacles of the early Iron Age and reconstruct the varied fabric international of those 4 peoples. Of specific worth to students, archaeologists, and historians, this quantity can be a typical reference and source for college kids and different readers attracted to the emergence of early Israel.
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Extra info for Biblical Peoples And Ethnicity: An Archaeological Study of Egyptians, Canaanites, Philistines, And Early Israel 1300-1100 B.C.E. (Archaeology and Biblical Studies 9)
Egypt, Hittite Hatti, Assyria, and most likely areas of mainland Greece can be defined as "core" areas. Peripheral regions would include portions of the Levant (excluding the major city-states) and the marginal zones of Egypt, Anatolia, and the Aegean. Cyprus, several key cities along the Levantine and Anatolian coasts (most notably Ugarit), and probably other regions of "interface" that experienced various degrees of center control and influence (or what can be termed a "contested periphery") functioned as "middlemen" in the lively international trade nehvork that thrived during the thirteenth century.
12 BIBLICAL PEOPLES AND ETHNICITY Canaanites Canaan in the thirteenth and early twelfth centuries was defined largely by the imperialistic policies of the Egyptians. During the reigns of Ramesses III and his successors, Canaan experienced cultural fragmentation and population movements that culminated with the colonization of its southern plain by the biblical Philistines and the beginning of the emergence of Israel in its central hill country. Late Bronze Age Canaan was not made up of a single "ethnic" group but consisted of a population whose diversity may be hinted at by the great variety of burial customs and cultic structures (both considered to be culturally sensitive indicators of ethnicity; see ch.
57 Systems collapse, one of several evolutionary and environmentally oriented processual models, is an oft-cited cause for the collapse of the Late Bronze Age states.