By Kato N. (Ed), Kamimura Sh.
Biomechanics reports of animals in swimming and flying can serve an expanding position in knowing the mechanisms that let animals to maneuver successfully and successfully in fluid, in addition to interpreting the features in their numerous types of habit in fluid. the wealthy number of mechanisms hired through swimming and flying organisms has lengthy been an notion for engineers and scientists. those parts of study, which shape the foundation of this quantity, contain the locomotive mechanisms and behaviors of animals in swimming and flying starting from microorganisms to dolphins from the organic point, hydrodynamics of swimming and flying, biomimetic swimming or flying robots, and activities technology. This e-book follows "Bio-mechanisms of Animals in Swimming and Flying" released in 2004 together with eleven chapters. This time, the publication contains 31 chapters at the most up-to-date researches into ordinary self sustaining platforms and locomotion in either flying and swimming organisms. the realm of activities technological know-how reminiscent of research and simulation of human swimming is newly additional. The computational frameworks for the modeling, simulation and optimization of animals in swimming and flying exhibit an incredible function within the development of interdisciplinary paintings within the fields of biology and engineering. An cutting edge expertise is exhibited for the flight of an insect measurement micro air motor vehicle. Neuronal technology isn't just unveiling the locomotion mechanisms of swimming in fish from the point of the neuronal actions, but in addition utilized to underwater biomimetic robots. The interdisciplinary works are exhibited within the fields of biology and engineering, yielding real-world advantages in leading edge applied sciences.
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Additional info for Bio-mechanisms of Swimming and Flying: Fluid Dynamics, Biomimetic Robots, and Sports Science
A: Schematic overview of the system. B: Photograph. C: An example of U-turn motion monitored by our system. Reproduced from Ogawa et al. 2005 with permission. 2 System Configuration Our system measures the cell position and angle continuously at a 1-kHz frame rate, using a high-speed lock-on tracking method. The configuration of the overall system and its block diagram are illustrated in Fig. 5. An electrical stimulus is applied to cells swimming in a chamber placed on an electrical stimulus input device mounted on an XY stage.
Biological reaction. Interactions between two Paramecium were investigated by Ishikawa and Hota (2006). In this section, we briefly introduce the study using P. caudatum. Microscopic observation showed that the body length of an individual cell is in the range of approximately 200-250|Lim and the width is in the range of approximately 40-50|um. The swimming speed of an individual cell was approximately Imm/s. The swimming motion of P. caudatum in a free space was not straight, but formed a left spiral.
Protozool. 31:31^0 Ogawa N, Oku H, Hashimoto K, Ishikawa M (2005) Microrobotic visual control of motile cells using high-speed tracking system. IEEE Trans Robot 21:704-712 (2006) A physical model for galvanotaxis of Paramecium cell. J Theor Biol 242:314-328 (2007) Trajectory planning of motile cell for microrobotic applications. J Robot Mech 19:190-197 Oku H, Theodorus, Ishikawa M, Hashimoto K (2006) High-speed autofocusing of a cell using diffraction pattern. Opt Express 14:3952-3960 Roberts AM (1970) Motion of Paramecium in static electric and magnetic fields.