Blondie24: Playing at the Edge of AI (The Morgan Kaufmann by David B. Fogel

By David B. Fogel

Blondie24 tells the tale of a working laptop or computer that taught itself to play checkers much better than its creators ever may by utilizing a software that emulated the elemental rules of Darwinian evolution--random version and traditional selection-- to find by itself the way to excel on the online game. not like Deep Blue, the prestigious chess computing device that beat Garry Kasparov, the previous international champion chess participant, this evolutionary software did not have entry to suggestions hired by means of human grand masters, or to databases of strikes for the endgame strikes, or to different human services in regards to the video game of chekers. With in basic terms the main rudimentary details programmed into its "brain," Blondie24 (the program's web username) created its personal technique of comparing the advanced, altering styles of items that make up a checkers online game by means of evolving man made neural networks---mathematical types that loosely describe how a mind works.It's becoming that Blondie24 should still seem in 2001, the 12 months after we keep in mind Arthur C. Clarke's prediction that in the future we might reach making a considering desktop. during this compelling narrative, David Fogel, writer and co-creator of Blondie24, describes in convincing aspect how evolutionary computation can assist to deliver us towards Clarke's imaginative and prescient of HAL. alongside the best way, he provides readers an within check out the interesting historical past of AI and poses provocative questions on its destiny. * Brings the most fascinating parts of AI examine to lifestyles through following the tale of Blondie24's improvement within the lab via her evolution into an expert-rated checkers participant, in response to her notable luck in web competition.* Explains the principles of evolutionary computation, easily and clearly.* offers complicated fabric in an enticing type for readers without heritage in laptop technology or synthetic intelligence.* Examines foundational matters surrounding the construction of a pondering machine.* Debates no matter if the recognized Turing try out relatively exams for intelligence.* demanding situations deeply entrenched myths concerning the successes and implication of a few recognized AI experiments * exhibits Blondie's strikes with checkerboard diagrams that readers can simply keep on with.

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16 They'd tried and failed in 1996, losing by three games to one with two draws. Going into the fateful rematch in May of 1997, Kasparov had never lost a match. The public didn't expect this to be his first either: In a C N E T News Com Poll, 66 percent of respondents thought that Kasparov would prevail over Deep Blue. ~ 29 They were wrong. USA Todaycalled the outcome a "shocking defeat of world champion Garry Kasparov. ''18 It was unfortunate that before the competition, Kasparov commented that the match was "about the supremacy of human beings over machines in purely intellectual fields.

You might think of this simple neuron as a "detector," firing w h e n ever something excites it. That's not m u c h different from the way a thermostat or a motion detector in a security system works. The secret to getting the neuron to detect what you want comes in choos38 S E T T I N G T H E STAGE Below Critical Threshold, the Neuron Doesn't Fire L_ Above Critical Threshold, the Neuron Fires Z Critical Threshold 0 Incoming Neuronal Activity FIGURE[ S The McCulloch-Pitts model of a single neuron.

But of course it wasn't about human supremacy at all. It was simply about the ability of IBM's team to capture what people already knew about playing chess and couple that with extremely fast computers in a parallel architecture. It was about assembling a thirty-two node high-performance computer in which each node had eight very large-scale integrated (VLSI) processors designed especially for evaluating chess positions at the combined rate of two hundred million per second. Imagine someone pressing the buttons of a calculator at blinding speed.

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