By Ian Haynes
Blood of the Provinces is the 1st totally complete learn of the most important a part of the Roman military, the auxilia. This non-citizen strength constituted greater than 1/2 Rome's celebrated armies and was once usually the army presence in a few of its territories. various in origins, personality, and tradition, they performed a necessary function in development the empire, maintaining the unequal peace celebrated because the pax Romana, and enacting the emperor's writ.
Drawing upon the newest ancient and archaeological study to check recruitment, trust, day-by-day regimen, language, strategies, and get dressed, this quantity deals an exam of the Empire and its squaddies in an intensive new means. Blood of the Provinces demonstrates how the Roman kingdom addressed a very important and enduring problem either off and on the battlefield - holding keep watch over of the miscellaneous auxiliaries upon whom its very life depended. Crucially, this used to be now not easily completed by way of pay and punishment, but additionally through a really specific set of cultural attributes that characterised provincial society below the Roman Empire. concentrating on the warriors themselves, and encompassing the disparate army groups of which they have been a component, it bargains a necessary resource of knowledge on how participants and groups have been integrated into provincial society less than the Empire, and the way the nature of that society developed accordingly.
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Extra info for Blood of the Provinces: The Roman Auxilia and the Making of Provincial Society from Augustus to the Severans
The study of religion in the Roman army has a long pedigree; its power to bind military communities together has been much discussed since the discovery of the so-called feriale Duranum, a list of festivals celebrated at Dura-Europos in Syria. Yet new archaeological evidence demonstrates that the dynamics of cult in military communities were far more complex than these discussions suggest, and indicates that the process of incorporation worked at an altogether more subtle and potent level. This chapter goes beyond the papyrological and epigraphic evidence for cult and considers the direct residues of votive practice.
The networks of communication that bound together the Empire enabled not only the efﬁcient replication of elaborate structures and expensive goods but also mass production of a plethora of more mundane items. These are found in widely varying quantities in settlement archaeology, reminding us that some communities were much less affected than others. Nevertheless, in many areas the increasing number of goods in production and circulation transformed the lived environment, and these places lay overwhelmingly within the Empire.
26 Blood of the Provinces This book begins by examining the auxilia as systems of structures, rights, and privileges within the wider network of imperial power (Part I), outlining the broad cultural trends linked to its evolution. The aim is not, therefore, to provide a history of the alae and cohortes, though those with limited knowledge of the auxilia will I hope ﬁnd it also serves to provide a useful orientation. To facilitate this, Part I follows a traditional approach to the organization of the evidence, drawing extensively on written sources and ordering the analysis chronologically.