Cambridge Beyond Totalitarianism Stalinism And Nazism by Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick

By Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick

In essays written together by way of experts on Soviet and German background, the individuals to this e-book reconsider and transform the character of Stalinism and Nazism and determine a brand new method for viewing their histories that is going way past the now-outdated twentieth-century types of totalitarianism, ideology, and character. Doing the exertions of comparability supplies us the capacity to examine the historicity of the 2 notable regimes and the wreckage they've got left. With the tip of the chilly warfare and the cave in of the Soviet Union, students of Europe are not any longer pressured with the political luggage that constricted learn and conditioned interpretation and feature entry to hitherto closed information. The time is correct for a clean examine the 2 vast dictatorships of the 20 th century and for a go back to the unique motive of concept on totalitarian regimes - knowing the intertwined trajectories of socialism and nationalism in ecu and international historical past.

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Hannah Arendt (New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1994), 307–27. Carl J. Friedrich and Zbigniew Brzezinski, Totalitarian Dictatorship and Autocracy. Marcel van der Linden, “Socialisme ou Barbarie: A French Revolutionary Group (1949–65),” Left History 5, no. 1 (1997): 7–37; Cornelius Castoriadis, The Castoriadis Reader (Oxford and Malden, MA: Blackwell, 1997); Claude Lefort, Complications: Communism and the Dilemmas of Democracy (New York: Columbia University Press, 2007). Richard J. Overy, The Dictators: Hitler’s Germany and Stalin’s Russia (New York: W.

They are, however, skeptical of the more far-reaching claims of a categorical confusion (in which each regime takes over attributes of the other) and, instead, emphasize the effectiveness of the nation remade in war to create distinct postwar national identities. The double irony is that not only was it war and sacrifice that ultimately ascribed identity, but that the more exclusive German-volkish ¨ identity mutated into a cosmopolitan transnationalism after defeat, while the universal ideals of class disappeared into Soviet nationalism and, as far as Eastern Europe was concerned, imperialism.

And, not least, it depends on the relative mobility of information and people. That having been said, it would be surprising if, of all nations and of all regimes, Stalinist Russia and Nazi Germany did not connect. If indeed this were the case, their insulation would have to be treated as a grand and deliberately manufactured autism. There would still be witting or unwitting transfers to be considered (and the arenas of such transfers would have to be identified). But we might well come to the conclusion that a politics of insulation is one of the hallmarks of the two regimes – and, inasmuch as that is the case, it will be all the more important to identify the strategies of insulation employed by the two regimes – and the areas where they did not work.

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