China’s Political System: Modernization and Tradition by June Teufel Dreyer

By June Teufel Dreyer

This hugely revered textual content demonstrates how the govt. of China,the world's such a lot populous kingdom, has been considerably suffering from makes an attempt to harmonize the original nature of its indigenous tradition with quite a few affects and ideas from the surface world.

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There was also typically a large eunuch population within the palace compound. In order to make sure that the imperial sons and heirs were really the children of the emperor, only eunuchs were permitted in the parts of the palace where women lived. Since eunuchs were allowed substantial freedom of movement, which the women were not, they often formed alliances for mutual benefit. A eunuch might provide a palace lady with information crucial to the advancement of her career in return for material and status benefits when she succeeded.

Another school was Mohism, named for its founder, Mo Zi. The Mohists were more egalitarian in outlook, sounding much like modern-day advocates of democracy on many issues. They envisioned a state organization that measured everything in terms of its utility to all people. Mohists vehemently objected to aggressive war, though they produced skilled warriors and impressive tactics for defensive conflicts. They called for simplicity and frugality on the part of all people. Universal love, by which was meant equal regard for all other human beings, was also a central tenet of Mohism and contrasted sharply with the Confucian outlook.

Censors had to be extremely courageous; they received no immunity by virtue of their position. Some were flogged to death by order of the ruler who was angered by their complaints. Others might receive the gift of a silken cord or a lump of raw opium from the emperor, thus conveying the imperial desire that they commit suicide. That so many censors were willing to take these risks speaks highly both for them as individuals and for the system that produced them. Local government also had a well-articulated structure.

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