Coastal Geomorphology: An Introduction by Eric Bird

By Eric Bird

Coastal Geomorphology, moment version is a accomplished and systematic creation to the topic and demonstrates the dynamic nature of coastal landforms, supplying a historical past for analytical making plans and administration innovations in coastal components topic to carrying on with adjustments. This introductory textbook has been thoroughly revised and up-to-date, and is supplemented through an internet site which gives extra illustrations, worldwide examples, case reports and extra particular and complex info on themes referenced within the booklet, including motives of terminology, annotated references and learn fabric. This publication will give you the reader with a coastal geomorphology details method that may let them to keep on with up specific subject matters in additional element if required.This publication might be a useful reference for undergraduate and graduate scholars taking appropriate classes inside actual geography, geology and different comparable earth and environmental technology topics. thoroughly revised and up to date to incorporate contemporary occasions akin to the Indian Ocean tsunami and New Orleans flooding, presents international examples of coastal good points and approach relationships from Britain, Europe, North the United States and Australasia, a scientific method of coastal geomorphology to augment scholar figuring out, comprises key dialogue at the results of human job on coasts and their carrying on with contribution to coastal landform alterations, features a site with additional references and case reviews.

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These include geology, which determines the pattern of rock outcrops on the coast, on the sea floor and in the hinterland, and movements of the Earth’s crust, which result in uplift, tilting, folding, faulting and subsidence of coastal rock formations. Climatic factors have influenced the wind and wave regimes that shape coastal features, and the weathering processes that decompose and disintegrate coastal rock outcrops vary from tropical to arctic and from humid to arid environments. 4). Coastal processes include the effects of rising and falling tides and associated tidal currents, and are influenced by oceanographic factors such as sea temperature and salinity, determined by climate and the patterns of ocean currents.

By contrast, the coastal waters of equatorial regions (such as NE Brazil and Indonesia) are relatively calm, except where they receive ocean swell of distant origin, as in the Gulf of Guinea, southern Indonesia and the Pacific coast of Central America. Ocean swell dominates open coasts outside the stormy zones, although there may occasionally be strong locally generated wave action. 2 Storm waves Apart from ocean swell, nearshore wave regimes depend on climatic conditions in coastal waters. Storm waves, generated by strong wind action, arrive frequently on west-facing coasts in latitudes subject to frequent westerly gales, as on the Atlantic coasts of NW Europe and the Pacific coasts of Canada and the NW United States.

The almost straight 800 km east coast of Madagascar could also be fault guided, but it includes depositional sandy barriers shaped by Indian Ocean swell, and has not been produced directly by faulting. Probably the best example of a fault coast is seen in California north of San Francisco, where the coastline runs along the San Andreas Fault NW to the Bolinas Lagoon, and then follows the fault along the inner (eastern) shore of the Point Reyes peninsula bordering Tomales Bay. There are often simple relationships between coastal outlines and the geology and topography of coastal areas.

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