Collected Studies on the Septuagint: From Language to by Jan Joosten

By Jan Joosten

During this quantity Jan Joosten brings jointly seventeen articles, released in journals and collective volumes among 1996 and 2008, with one unpublished essay. In those essays he offers customarily with questions of language and interpretation within the earliest Greek translation of the Hebrew Bible. lots of Jan Joostenâ€TMs stories take their aspect of departure in a single or the opposite impressive beneficial properties within the language of the Septuagint, suggest a idea explaining its peculiarity, and move on from there to narrate the linguistic phenomenon to wider old, exegetical or theological matters. Others care for difficulties of strategy in developing the old historical past of the model, its relation to the Hebrew resource textual content, and its theology. Taken as an entire, Jan Joosten bargains an unique contribution to a couple of modern debates at the outdated Greek model. particularly during this ebook he addresses from a number of views the questions of who the translators have been and what they attempted to do.

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10) connects Biblical ‫ עקבה‬with Mishnaic ‫עכבת‬, etc. 20 ִ (for the MassoThus Frankel takes κύρτος in 3 Kgds 20:11 to reflect Mishnaic ‫ח גֵּר‬ retic Text’s ‫חוגר‬, “the one who girds”); but whereas the Greek word means “humpback” the Mishnaic one means “lame”: the meanings are close but not identical. 21 Thus Muraoka has explained the rendering of Biblical ‫ כשל‬with "σθενέω in the light of Post-Biblical Hebrew, cf. T. M URAOKA, “Hosea IV in the Septuagint Version”, Annual of the Japanese Biblical Institute 9 (1983) 24–64, in particular 32–33.

Such grammatical items have been noted in passing by several scholars, but no systematic research has been done on them from a linguistic point of view. Although they merit closer study, we will leave them aside for the time being. 1. The Problem of Using a Version In a discussion with scholars, such as D. Winton Thomas and G. R. Driver, who had shown much confidence in the Septuagint as a source of linguistic information on Biblical Hebrew, James Barr pointed out a number of caveats to be observed in trying to prise philological information from the versions:6 a) we don’t always know the Hebrew text from which the version was made; b) the original text of the version, in our case the Greek text of the Septuagint, cannot always be reconstructed with certainty; c) the methods of translation of the ancients were at times imprecise: the translators let themselves be guided by the context, or by parallel texts; they had certain favourite words, and tended to etymologize or rewrite a passage more or less freely.

E. QIMRON, The Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls (Atlanta 1986) 101. On the Septuagint Translators’ Knowledge of Hebrew 29 The criteria formulated above may appear self-evident to the point of triviality. However, applying them to the examples of Late Hebrew influence alleged in the literature leads to easy disqualification of most of those examples. 21 In spite of their occasional brilliance, all such identifications should better be left aside until the whole phenomenon is better understood, on the basis of more reliable examples.

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