Commentary on the Gospel According to John Books 1-10 by Origen

By Origen

Origen composed a minimum of thirty-two books of a statement at the Gospel in accordance with John, on the request of St. Ambrose of Milan. of those, merely 9 books are extant in virtually entire shape, even if we have now choices of others continued in different collections of the works of Origen. The statement proceeds verse by way of verse, and is very amazing for its emphasis at the non secular which means of the Gospel.

This quantity includes books 1,2,6, and 10, and fragments of books four and five. Origen's major curiosity is the allegorical interpretation of the Gospel in line with John, which makes this a major paintings within the research of Origen's mystical proposal. A secondary curiosity is the refutation of Valentinian gnosticism. based on Eusebius, Ambrose were a Valentinian earlier than his conversion by means of Origen, and Origen refers back to the Gnostic author Heracleon usually in the course of the observation with the intention to refute his views.

Although the refutation of Heracleon could have been a stimulus for the composition of this paintings, Origen moved past this aim with a purpose to current a statement at the Gospel which might entice the growing to be variety of trained Christians who sought after a systematic exegesis. The author's writing covers a variety of ancient, theological, philosophical and etymological subject matters, all taken with this Gospel of "spiritual food." "We may dare to say," Origen says as he starts his remark, "that the Gospels are the first-fruits of all Scriptures, yet that the first-fruits of the Gospels is that based on John. How nice has to be our figuring out, that we are able to comprehend in a useful demeanour the note that is kept up within the earthen treasures of paltry language." The Spirit-led exegete can hence draw out of the phrases and emblems a better point of perception. This "spiritual gospel" is the truth of which Christ's acts have been symbols; it's the secrets and techniques hidden within the mysteries of Christ's words.

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Cf. o. 83. Cf. 1 Cor 3· 1. 8_5. Cf. 10. 8o. Cf. 24. 82. 1iimatikon). 2. 86. Jn Ll!. 44 ORIGEN Jesus. They are said, however, to preach him as good, and the resurrection. "ll7 Jesus, however, preaches the things stored up for the saints as good news to the poor,aa inviting them to accept the divine promises. (48) And the divine Scriptures bear witness both to the preaching of the gospel by the apostles and to that by our Savior. "a9 At the same time he also teaches that it is not the composition of a speech and the utterance of sounds and the practised beauty of speech that produce persuasion, but the provision of divine power.

113. 1. 11 2. 6. 114. Cf. Mt 5·45· 116. Cf. 3. " 117 Now it is clear that the things done to Jesus' disciples [also] happen to him. Therefore. '' 1 1>1 Consequently, every good deed which we perform for our neighbor is taken up into the gospel which is written in the tablets of heaven and read by all those worthy of knowledge of all things. (6g) But also, on the contrary, the sins committed against Jesus are a part of the gospel for the accusation of those who have committed them. (70) Judas' betrayal, therefore, and the outcry of the impious people who said, "Away with such an one from the earth," 119 and, "Crucify him, crucify him," 120 and the mockery of those who crowned him with thorns, and the things like these have been included in the Gospels.

74) We have made these comments out of necessity, then, 117. 13. 119. 22. 121. 4-5. 18. Ml 25·40. 21. 122. 14. I 120.

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