Computer-assisted Assessment in Higher Education by Sally Brown, Phil Race and Joanna Bull

By Sally Brown, Phil Race and Joanna Bull

This article attracts on a variety of services to proportion reliable perform and discover new methods of utilizing applicable applied sciences in overview. It offers a strategic assessment besides pragmatic proposals for using pcs in evaluate.

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review and remedy of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda method blends postural innovations, neurology, and useful features with the intention to alleviate persistent musculoskeletal soreness and advertise larger performance. constructed by means of Vladimir Janda, revered neurologist and physiotherapist , the Janda process provides a special viewpoint to rehabilitation. not like a extra conventional structural view, the Janda process is functional—emphasizing the significance of the sensorimotor method in controlling move and protracted musculoskeletal discomfort syndromes from activities and basic actions. evaluation and remedy of Muscle Imbalance: The Janda process is the single textual content to provide functional, evidence-based software of Janda’s theories.

 

full of illustrations, photographs, and step by step directions, overview and therapy of Muscle Imbalance makes use of a scientific procedure in featuring info that may be utilized in tandem with different scientific recommendations. This source for practitioners gains the next instruments:
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evaluate and therapy of Muscle Imbalance presents an evidence-based clarification of muscle imbalance. The step by step Janda approach of review is explained—including research of posture, stability, and gait; assessment of move styles; trying out of muscle size; and evaluation of the delicate tissue. The textual content explores cures for muscle imbalance via facilitation and inhibition recommendations and sensorimotor education to revive neuromsucular functionality. it is usually 4 case reviews analyzing musculoskeletal stipulations and exhibiting how the Janda procedure compares with different remedies. this article combines conception, facts, and purposes to help clinicians in enforcing the Janda method into their perform.

           

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Computer anxiety is defined as: ‘an irrational anticipation of fear evoked by the thought of using (or actually using) computers, the effects of which result in avoiding, or minimizing, computer usage’ (Brosnan, 1998a,p 17). Computer anxiety can manifest itself from a feeling of mild discomfort through to palpitations and panic attacks when using a computer. There has been a great deal of research into the causes and correlates of computer anxiety, prompting Modafsky and Kwon (1994) to assert that ‘computer anxiety is a real phenomenon’ and, with the increasing role of computers within education, that ‘lessening the resistance to computer technology is more important than ever before’.

Avoid verbal clues, which may enable students to select the correct answer or eliminate an incorrect alternative. 9. Make all the responses in a question approximately the same length. If one response item is longer than the others, this can give a clue that it is the correct answer. 10. Avoid the use of ‘all of the above’ and ‘none of the above’. These will often enable the student to answer correctly on the basis of partial information: if the student detects that two of the answers are correct, it is possible to deduce that the correct answer is ‘all of the above’ and if he or she detects one incorrect answer, it is possible to reject it on the basis of partial information.

List alternatives on separate lines and use letters before them rather than numbers. If the stem is an incomplete statement then the choices should begin with lower case letters and end with a question mark. The above are guidelines and not cast-iron rules. From time to time you may wish to modify the above procedures to obtain a particular effect. All assessment instruments need to relate to the course curriculum and the proposed learning outcomes. The use of objective testing requires that relationship to become more open and explicit.

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