Computer-Based Testing: Building the Foundation for Future by Craig N. Mills, Maria T. Potenza, John J. Fremer, William C.

By Craig N. Mills, Maria T. Potenza, John J. Fremer, William C. Ward

Even if computer-based checks (CBT) were administered for a few years, advancements within the pace and gear of pcs coupled with mark downs of their price have made large-scale desktop supply of exams more and more possible. CBT is now a typical kind of try out supply for licensure, certification, and admissions checks. Many large-scale, high-stakes checking out courses have brought CBT both as an choice or because the sole technique of try out supply. even if this circulate to CBT has, to an exceptional volume, been winning, it has now not been easily. Advances in psychometrics are required to make sure that those that depend upon try effects may have at the least an analogous self assurance in CBTs as they've got in conventional varieties of evaluate. This quantity stems from an ETS-sponsored colloquium within which greater than 2 hundred dimension execs from 8 international locations and 29 states convened to evaluate the present and destiny prestige of CBT. The formal schedule for the colloquium was once divided into 3 significant segments: attempt types, try out management, and try out research and Scoring. every one section consisted of a number of displays through reviews from famous psychometricians and a break-out consultation during which presenters and discussants pointed out vital concerns and validated priorities for a CBT examine time table. This quantity includes the papers awarded on the colloquium, the discussant feedback in keeping with these papers, and the study schedule that was once generated from the break-out periods. Computer-Based checking out: development the root for destiny tests is needs to examining for execs, students, and complex scholars operating within the trying out box, in addition to humans within the details know-how box who've an curiosity in checking out.

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We strongly recommend against mandating inflexible timetables for Periodic Test Pool disclosure. While releasing entire forms of tests is im­ portant for test familiarization and provides an effective deterrent to cheating, inflexible timetables might require a rate of test pool disclosure that cannot be maintained. The frequency of Periodic Test Pool disclo­ sure should depend on whether the population of potential items is large enough to allow new forms to be developed, the speed of writing new items, the examinee flow rate (which determines how many new items can be calibrated), the requirements for equating the new CAT form to the old form, and cost to the examinees.

Such an inspec­ tion allows examinees to detect incorrectly keyed items as well as mechanical errors in the scoring of their responses. , Green, 1981). Many of these arguments 1. THE WORK AHEAD 21 carry over to adaptive testing; moreover, some of the features of adaptive testing highlight the importance of disclosure and review. There are many good reasons for test review and/or test disclosure. In this discussion, four frequently cited rationales for disclosure will receive particular attention.

First, examinees might be given a profile of scores for subparts of the test (and confidence intervals for the scores), thus breaking the overall score into units that would facilitate studying for a subsequent administration. The problem with this approach is that the standard error of measure­ ment (a measure of accuracy) associated with subtest scores may be rather large and consequently some test-takers would be encouraged to study areas in which their skills were already satisfactory. Some interme­ diate level of diagnostic reporting might be possible for identifiable areas of the test domain, but a testing program should carefully evaluate this matter before it is implemented.

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