Computing Meaning: Volume 2 by Harry Bunt (auth.), Harry Bunt, Reinhard Muskens, Elias

By Harry Bunt (auth.), Harry Bunt, Reinhard Muskens, Elias Thijsse (eds.)

This e-book is a suite of papers written through striking researchers within the newly rising box of computational semantics. Computational semantics is worried with the computation of the meanings of linguistic items resembling textual content fragments, spoken discussion utterances, and e mail messages. The that means of such an item is set partially through linguistic info and partially via info from the context within which the item happens. the data from those resources is mixed by way of strategies that infer which interpretation of the item applies within the given context. this is applicable not just to notoriously tough facets of reading linguistic items, comparable to indexicals, anaphora, and metonymy, but additionally to constructing the perfect reference of universal nouns and the scopes of noun words. The critical factor in computational semantics is how methods of discovering and mixing the suitable linguistic and contextual info into contextually applicable meanings should be organised.
conventional ways of utilizing context details to disambiguated normal language expressions don't paintings good, as a result of the gigantic ambiguity in usual language. contemporary paintings in computational semantics indicates, on the other hand, to symbolize linguistic semantic info in formal buildings with underspecification, and to use context info in inference methods that lead to additional specification of those representations. Underspecified illustration and inference are accordingly the foremost issues during this ebook.
The publication is aimed toward these linguists, desktop scientists, and logicians who take an curiosity within the computation of that means, and who need to know what's taking place during this intriguing box of research.

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B. John sent a letter to Mary. When a verb denoting a transition occurs at the perfective aspect, the achievement of the resulting state is entailed. On the other hand, the truth 48 FEDERICA BUSA ET AL. type simple A state functional process ~ formal agentive result cause I telic constitutive location !

The plan of the paper is as follows: section 2 presents examples of sentences where what could be considered as a single word sense in a lexicon, nonetheless corresponds to a wide set of semantic values; section 3 develops the main features of our framework, namely considering inferences to be central to Semantics, carrying them out at variable depth, taking them to be defeasible; section 4 insists on a specific phenomenon, called 'co-presence' by which, contrary to the usual semantic theories, the occurrence of a word is not interpreted as a single entity; section 5 discusses some consequences for a computational implementation of this framework.

Local Informativity Let B be a DRS containing a subordinated DRS Bj, and B I,... ,B n be subordinated DRSs subordinating B; in B. Then Bj is locally informative iff the DRS B* EB B] EB··· EB B lI does not entail B;, where B* is B minus the conditions that contain Bt, ... ,Bn,B;. Local Consistency Let B be a DRS containing a subordinated DRS Bj, and B I ,... ,B n be subordinated DRSs subordinating B; in B. , B;, where B* is B minus the conditions that contain BI, ... ,Bn,Bj. 12 This is the only interpretation that makes sense from a logical point of view.

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