By Margie Berns
This volume formalizes, organizes and analyzes the relation of information about language to decision-making in perform. It synthesizes examine in psycholinguistics, academic linguistics and sociolinguistics, freely crossing topic fields to set up cutting edge and professional responses to a few of the most important debates within the box. Authored and compiled by way of leaders of their a number of specialties and collated and greatly re-edited from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics second version, this assortment might be a fantastic one-stop table reference resolution for any linguistics specialist and researcher drawn to how language operates on the innovative.
* Authoritative evaluate of this dynamic box positioned in an interdisciplinary context
* Over a hundred articles by means of leaders within the field
* Compact and cheap single-volume layout
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Additional resources for Concise Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics (Concise Encyclopedias of Language and Linguistics)
Critical language awareness London: Longman. ‘‘Critical applied linguistics . . is more than just a critical dimension added on to applied linguistics: It involves a constant skepticism, a constant questioning of the normative assumptions of applied linguistics. It demands a restive problematization of the givens of applied linguistics, and presents a way of doing applied linguistics that seeks to connect it to questions of gender, class, sexuality, race, ethnicity, culture, identity, politics, ideology and discourse’’ (Pennycook, 2001: 10) CDA ‘‘aims to systematically explore often opaque relationships of causality and determination between (a) discursive practices, events and texts, and (b) wider social and cultural structures, relations and processes; to investigate how such practices, events and texts arise out of and are ideologically shaped by relations of power and struggles over power’’ Fairclough (1995: 132).
While much work in language policy has been remarkable for its political quietism, debates around the global spread of English and the destruction of the world’s linguistic diversity have developed a clearer critical agenda. Central here has been Phillipson’s (1992) accusation of (English) linguistic imperialism, and his argument that English has been spread for the economic and political advantage of the core English-speaking nations. As Tollefson (2000) explains, Phillipson’s work differs markedly from mainstream sociolinguistic work focusing on the global spread of English since he ‘‘focuses on the unequal distribution of benefits from the spread of Critical Applied Linguistics 15 Table 1 Domains of critical applied linguistics Domains Key works/authors Orientation Critical applied linguistics Pennycook A (2001).
Generally, this is done within a broad political framework. Subsumed under this type of applied linguistics are critical literacy, critical pedagogy, and critical discourse analysis. Although this alternative approach has been the subject of a number of books, articles, and conference papers, it has yet to be widely accepted among applied linguists, many of whom are uncomfortable with the assumptions and implications of the critical position. It has, however, been widely discussed and debated, and its long-term effect on and place in the field is difficult to judge.