By Arthur Benz
Constitutional coverage in Multilevel govt compares tactics of constitutional reform in federal and regionalized states. according to a theoretical framework emphasizing the relevance of negotiations in parliamentary, intergovernmental, and societal arenas, it identifies stipulations for profitable reforms and explains the implications of failed reforms. additionally, it highlights the interaction of reform approaches and constitutional evolution as necessary to conserving a strong stability of energy. The e-book demonstrates that a suitable association of a number of arenas of negotiation together with executives, contributors of parliament and civil society businesses, and sequential order of reform strategies proves primary to avoid federal or regionalized governments from turning into both instable or finishing with inflexible constitutions. Read more...
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Additional info for Constitutional policy in multilevel government : the art of keeping the balance
Even when situations require major policy changes, only incremental modiﬁcation of the status quo can be achieved. In multilevel governments where powers are separated, the complexity of policies and the interconnectedness of central and regional decisions require coordination between different levels of government. Disentangling policies entirely between levels will therefore fail to achieve a sufﬁcient quality of policy performance. Performance losses may also occur, if coordination between levels of government does not ﬁnd support in the constituent units, or if accountability to parliaments or commitments to interests groups reduce the discretion of policy-makers to ﬁnd compromises (Benz 2000b).
The study summarized in this book focuses on this particular aspect of dynamics, without ignoring the wider context of historical evolution or state–society relations and the related causal mechanisms and outcomes (Benz and Broschek 2013c). Therefore, the core of our analytical framework aims at understanding and explaining the mechanism of constitutional policy. In federal or multilevel governments, constitutional policy cuts across boundaries of jurisdictions or institutions, in particular when governments 30 OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 23/6/2016, SPi Theoretical Framework and Research Design from different levels have to ﬁnd an agreement or coordinate decisions on a reallocation of powers.
Concerning the horizontal dimension, federal or regionalized governments are challenged either by conﬂicts among governments or by conﬂicts among social groups. In integrated multilevel systems characterized by a homogeneous society, government-centered issues prevail, like the distribution of ﬁscal resources or institutional conditions for horizontal coordination of regional policies. In disintegrated federations, society-centered conﬂicts have to be managed. Accordingly, ﬁnding or maintaining a balance of power implies different challenges for constitutional policy depending on how problems of governance and integration are framed in constitutional policy.