Contesting Citizenship in Latin America: The Rise of by Deborah J. Yashar

By Deborah J. Yashar

Deborah Yashar analyzes the modern and asymmetric emergence of Latin American indigenous movements--addressing either why indigenous identities became politically salient within the modern interval and why they've got translated into major political organisations in a few areas and never others. She argues that ethnic politics can most sensible be defined via a comparative historic technique that analyzes 3 components: altering citizenship regimes, social networks, and political associational space--providing perception into the fragility and unevenness of Latin America's 3rd wave democracies.

Reviews:

"...a rigorous theoretical framework to a research of democratic matters concerning ethnic movements...the book...will encourage scholars in diplomacy, political technological know-how, indigenous experiences and sociology of development."
Political stories Review

"well-researched"
American magazine of Sociology, William I. Robinson

"This is a wonderful publication and a useful addition to the sequence of volumes on collective violence and political events within the Cambridge reports in Contentious Politics."
Perspectives on Politics, Waltraud Queiser Morales, college of significant Florida

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Extra resources for Contesting Citizenship in Latin America: The Rise of Indigenous Movements and the Postliberal Challenge

Sample text

While acknowledging the peculiarities of each case, the following sketch also highlights broad similarities in indigenous movement emergence in Ecuador, Bolivia, Guatemala, and Mexico, particularly when contrasted with Peru. For while differences surely exist among the first four cases, they exhibit parallel outcomes of indigenous mobilization. And while Peru certainly shares political features with each of the cases discussed here, it stands alone by not experiencing indigenous mobilization along the lines and scope found in Ecuador, Bolivia, Guatemala, and Mexico.

In light of recent research on transnational networks’ influence on policy formulation, it is clear that transnationalism matters in politics and development. The mapping out of such transnational networks however relies upon a detailed empirical understanding of the actors involved, their means of communication and the power relationships between them (Radcliffe 2001: 27). In short, the globalization literature thus far suffers from an ahistorical and often universalizing understanding of if, where, and how this phenomenon matters for identity politics and collective action.

Questions, Approaches, and Cases design. To explain change over time, this book uses a most similar systems design. 28 To explain variation across the cases, this book uses a cross between the most similar and most different systems designs. The cross-national comparison of Ecuador, Bolivia, Guatemala, and Mexico is a most different systems design geared toward explaining why different cases each witnessed the emergence of indigenous movements by century’s end. The cross-national comparison of these four cases with Peru approximates a most similar systems design, for Peru shares certain central features with several of the cases and yet failed to witness the emergence of a significant indigenous movement by the end of the twentieth century.

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