By Nancy E. Snow
Although advantage ethics is having fun with a resurgence, the subject of advantage cultivation has been mostly ignored via philosophers. This quantity treatments this hole, that includes quite often new essays, commissioned for this assortment, by means of philosophers, theologians, and psychologists on the leading edge of analysis into advantage. each one contribution specializes in a few point of advantage improvement, both through highlighting advantage cultivation inside distinct traditions of moral or spiritual notion, or by means of taking a developmental point of view to yield clean insights into criticisms of advantage ethics, or via analyzing the technological know-how that explains advantage improvement. The essays by way of Russell and motive force examine advantage cultivation or difficulties linked to it from Aristotelian and utilitarian views. Slote addresses advantage improvement from the sentimentalist viewpoint. Swanton and Cureton and Hill discover self-improvement, the previous with a watch to supplying recommendations to evaluations of advantage ethics, the latter from a Kantian moral vantage element. Slingerland examines modern psychology in addition to advantage improvement within the Confucian culture to counter situationist criticisms of advantage ethics. Flanagan, Bucar, and Herdt learn how advantage is cultivated within the Buddhist, Islamic, and Christian traditions, respectively. Narvaez, Thompson, and McAdams supply descriptive insights from psychology into advantage improvement. the result's a set of super inventive essays that not just fills the present hole but in addition supplies to stimulate new paintings on a philosophically missed but very important subject
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Additional info for Cultivating Virtue: Perspectives from Philosophy, Theology, and Psychology
3, 1104b11–13; Plato, Laws II, 653a5–c8. Laws II, 654c3–e1.
108 Similar results have been found elsewhere as well. 109 This was, again, not because the experts had better general memory—all subjects performed about the same on face-recognition tasks, for instance. Interestingly, it was also not because they were better at X-ray recognition over all: on the contrary, the more experienced radiologists were actually less accurate in their recognition of normal chest X-rays. 112 For example, on their view a random chessboard can be defined as one lacking goal-relevant structure: the pieces are so haphazardly arranged that the strategic opportunities they afford—or the “affordances”—are very unclear.
What explains both of these similarities is the fact that virtue and skill are both goal-oriented. Because of their orientation toward certain kinds of goals, each must be acquired by constant practice focused on realizing those goals in an intelligent way. And again because of their goal orientation, each of them is a hexis in virtue of which one is able to gather goal-relevant information from one’s current circumstances, determine what achieving that goal would look like within those circumstances, and orient one’s actions with respect to that goal.