By Richard Albright
In essence this publication bargains with a space that contributes considerably to the pollutants and degradation of Chesapeake Bay, yet has been thoroughly ignored in lots of of the efforts to revive the Bay, in particular, the federal army toxins resources. The booklet additionally acknowledges for the 1st time, that efforts to revive the Bay have failed as a result of violation of a primary principle of environmental cleanup; that's, to pattern the positioning and spot what's there. The Bay itself hasn't ever been sampled.
Thus this e-book provides a view of the environmental situation of Chesapeake Bay that's completely exact. It covers part of the background of the Bay that's not well known, together with how the Bay was once shaped. It provides a mix of technological know-how, army background, and novel options to the Bay's degradation.
In so doing, the writer examines the army use of the Bay and divulges the level of munitions dumpsites containing nitrogen and phosphorus in addition to chemical conflict fabric, and the way this can be effecting the surroundings. The publication concludes with the author's personal clean-up plan that, if carried out, could pass far to restoring wellbeing and fitness to Bay.
The booklet is supplemented with many photos and maps.
Chapter 1 The Formation of the Bay and Its Drainage quarter (pages 1–5):
Chapter 2 Nutrient Dynamics, Depletion, and Replenishment (pages 7–13):
Chapter three questions of safety with previous Munitions (pages 15–27):
Chapter four Artillery Shells within the Bay (pages 29–37):
Chapter five Bombs within the Bay (pages 39–54):
Chapter 6 Mines and Torpedoes within the Bay (pages 55–59):
Chapter 7 army Munitions and Explosives Factories (pages 61–64):
Chapter eight illness from army elements resulting in Environmental and Human overall healthiness matters (pages 65–77):
Chapter nine Chemical guns websites on Chesapeake Bay or within the Watershed (pages 79–105):
Chapter 10 army amenities Grouped via particular parts or on particular Rivers (pages 107–135):
Chapter eleven Radioactive infection (pages 137–139):
Chapter 12 PCB and different send illness (pages 141–147):
Chapter thirteen Environmental Justice (pages 149–151):
Chapter 14 cleansing Up the Bay's Munitons (pages 153–158):
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Additional resources for Death of the Chesapeake: A History of the Military's Role in Polluting the Bay
1 Bloodsworth Island Range “One morning, in the early 1970s, my wife, Nancy, was at the helm as we followed John Smith’s course out of Hooper Straits. I’d gone below for something. There was a stiff breeze and a sudden concussion shook the boat. I vaulted topsides, sure that we’d blown out a sail, and looked forward to ﬁnd a Naval vessel almost dead on our bow with smoke drifting to port from her guns as she shelled poor Bloodsworth. ” The author had a similar experience in 1972 while bringing his houseboat up the Potomac River at Indianhead.
8. Fleet Forces Atlantic Exercise Coordination Center (FFAECC) Fleet Area Control & Surveillance Facility, Virginia Capes (FACSFAC VACAPES), NAS Oceana, Va. 9. NAVSEA Naval Surface Warfare Center (NSWC) Carderock Combatant Craft Division, Little Creek, Va. 10. NAVSEA NSWC Dahlgren Division, Dahlgren, Va. 11. NAVSEA NSWC, Dam Neck, Va.
Groundto-detonate-ordnance. Copyright 2011 by The Associated Press Death of the Chesapeake: A History of the Military's Role in Polluting the Bay. Richard D. Albright. © 2013 Scrivener Publishing LLC. Published 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 5 Bombs in the Bay In addition to artillery, numerous bombing ranges exist in Chesapeake Bay. The “targets” are located in the middle lower bay. Large structures used as bombing targets can be found at Lat 38-1304N Long 76-18-51W and LAT 38-12-59N, LLONG 76-18-58W.